Through the lenses of Caravaggio’s life and work, this article studies late sixteenth- and early seventeenth-century social thought and charitable practices. It examines, among others, the theology and social thought of Carlo Borromeo, Filippo Neri and François de Sales, as well as the conduct and rules adopted by a variety of subjects active in the field of social welfare, including hospitals, religious charities, lay confraternities, municipalities and states. Without denying the novelty of late eighteenth and nineteenth-century social thought, the article suggests that the roots of what Karl Polanyi called the “discovery of society”—that is, the idea that evils like sickness and poverty are the consequence of societal flaws, as opposed to one’s moral shortcomings—date back at least to the late sixteenth century, if not earlier. At that time, of course, this ethical view was still embryonic, uncommon and full of contradictions—so much so that it did not translate into significant legislative reforms for another couple of centuries. But the seeds of the subsequent “discovery” were there—scattered in the works of theologians like Juan Luis Vives and artists like Caravaggio.
The export option will allow you to export the current search results of the entered query to a file. Different
formats are available for download. To export the items, click on the button corresponding with the preferred download format.
By default, clicking on the export buttons will result in a download of the allowed maximum amount of items.
To select a subset of the search results, click "Selective Export" button and make a selection of the items you want to export.
The amount of items that can be exported at once is similarly restricted as the full export.
After making a selection, click one of the export format buttons. The amount of items that will be exported is indicated in the bubble next to export format.