The precise causes of the "resource curse"-the relationship between natural resource extraction and an increase in poverty, violence, and political instability-remain unknown. Yet the relationship between natural resource extraction and low economic growth rates in underdeveloped countries is well documented.' It is therefore surprising that the World Bank approved funding for the Chad-Cameroon Oil Pipeline on the premise that resource extraction would reduce poverty in Chad. Critics argued that the Chadian government, with its questionable record on corruption, would surely squander Chad's oil revenue, thereby following the usual trajectory of the resource curse. In response, the World Bank required Chad to institute certain measures to ensure that oil revenue would be used for development purposes. This novel scheme-considered the World Bank's great "experiment" in combating corruption in oil-led development-included a revenue management law and a local and international monitoring component. Some believed that in these measures the World Bank had found a viable solution to the resource curse.
The export option will allow you to export the current search results of the entered query to a file. Different
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By default, clicking on the export buttons will result in a download of the allowed maximum amount of items.
To select a subset of the search results, click "Selective Export" button and make a selection of the items you want to export.
The amount of items that can be exported at once is similarly restricted as the full export.
After making a selection, click one of the export format buttons. The amount of items that will be exported is indicated in the bubble next to export format.