No Supreme Court decision has been more consistently reviled than Dred Scott v. Sandford.' Other decisions have been attacked, even virulently, by both contemporary and later critics; other decisions have been overruled by constitutional amendment or by subsequent Court majorities. But of all the repudiated decisions, Dred Scott carries the deepest stigma. If a proper criterion for evaluating a judicial decision is its success in achieving peaceable resolution of a social dispute, Dred Scott was a palpable failure; indeed, its critics then and now have plausibly claimed that the decision played a significant role in precipitating the Civil War. If a proper criterion is its consistency with high ethical values, Dred Scott fails even more clearly. Chief Justice Taney's opinion for the Court recited the most explicit racist dogma that appears anywhere, before or since his opinion, in the pages of the United States Reports. In explaining why no black person, whether slave or free, could ever become a citizen of the United States, Taney relied on blacks' historic status "as beings of an inferior order... altogether unfit to associate with the white race... ; and so far inferior, that they had no rights which the white man was bound to respect."
The export option will allow you to export the current search results of the entered query to a file. Different
formats are available for download. To export the items, click on the button corresponding with the preferred download format.
By default, clicking on the export buttons will result in a download of the allowed maximum amount of items.
To select a subset of the search results, click "Selective Export" button and make a selection of the items you want to export.
The amount of items that can be exported at once is similarly restricted as the full export.
After making a selection, click one of the export format buttons. The amount of items that will be exported is indicated in the bubble next to export format.