• TITLE IX AND GENDER EQUITY IN INTERCOLLEGIATE ATHLETICS: CASE ANALYSES, LEGAL IMPLICATIONS, AND THE MOVEMENT TOWARD COMPLIANCE.

      Miguel-Stearns, Teresa (1994-01-01)
      Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 is a simple law. Title IX states that no institution receiving federal funds shall discriminate on the basis of sex in its administration of educational programs or activities. In the last twenty years, however, Title IX has undergone various changes in its application, remedial power, and enforcement ability. Today, in light of several judicial decisions flowing from recent litigation, it appears that Title IX is quickly gaining momentum and causing great concern among academics and athletic departments alike.
    • Exchanging Books in Western Europe: A Brief History of International Interlibrary Loan

      Miguel-Stearns, Teresa (2007-01-01)
      Interlibrary Loan is not a new concept. The practice of lending and borrowing materials occurred as far back as the 8th century in Western Europe.1 An 8th century copy of St. Augustine’s De Trinitate in the Bodleian Library contains a page originally left blank at the end of the manuscript whereupon “an Anglo-Saxon hand of about the year 800 entered a small list of books.”2 Elias A. Lowe’s translation and analysis of this list and adjacent annotations demonstrates that the list was likely a “catalog” of manuscripts in the ancient library of St. Kilian’s at Würzburg,3 and that several books were loaned to Holzkirchen and to the monastery at Fulda. The three institutions were geographically close, with Holz church being a dependency of Fulda monastery.4 Fulda’s library was the largest in Germany except, possibly, for St. Gall.5
    • Outdated and Irrelevant? Rethinking the Library Bill of Rights

      Aiken, Julian (2007-01-01)
      Adopted in 1948, the American Library Association's Library Bill of Rights represents an effort to codify a set of basic principles upon which all library services should ideally be founded. Since its inception, through a number of reassessments and revisions, it has evolved into an open challenge to librarians across the country to battle relentlessly against censorship, and to protect and promote our First Amendment rights. But a recent national survey indicates that it is a challenge we are failing to meet, a battle many of us seem no longer interested in fighting.
    • Bridging the Abyss: Law librarians come together to prepare new attorneys

      VanderHeijden, Mike (2007-01-01)
      This early morning session was billed as an open forum for law firm librarians and academic librarians to engage about the issue of new attorney preparation and training. We’ve all heard accounts of woefully unprepared first-year attorneys. In my experience as a law firm librarian, I’ve found that these accounts represent more of an exception than a rule. However, on numerous occasions I’ve also witnessed the rhetorical question, “What are they teaching them in law school?!” served to sympathetic colleagues with no shortage of indignant relish. So, as I roused myself from another vendor-induced slumber to sit in on this panel discussion, I hoped for a civil dialogue but prepared for a more partisan exchange.
    • The Civil Law Collection of the Texas Supreme Court

      Widener, Michael (2007-06-01)
      Mr. Widener inventories and analyzes an unusual collection of 319 volumes of Roman law, canon law, and European law formed by the Texas Supreme Court. He reviews the collection's contents, origins, history, use, and destiny. He argues that this seemingly exotic collection was probably the handiwork of Chief Justice John Hemphill (1803-1862) as an attempt to introduce civil law principles into a common law system, an attempt that was only partially successful. He concludes with reflections on institutional collections of rare law books. This paper was presented at the conference, "To Collect the Minds of the Law: A Conference on Rare Law Books, Rare Law Book Collections, and Libraries," June 19-21, 2007, in Malmö, Sweden, sponsored by the Einar Hansen Library Foundation and the Workshop in Legal Culture, Lund University.
    • Justice Sandra Day O'Conner: A Selected Annotated Bibliography

      Krishnaswami, Julie (2008-01-01)
      As the first woman appointed to the Supreme Court, Justice Sandra Day O’Connor is a profound and fascinating figure in American jurisprudence. During Ronald Reagan’s presidential campaign, he promised to appoint a woman to the Supreme Court, and he appointed Sandra Day O’Connor. She was confirmed in 1981 and spent the next twenty-four years on the Supreme Court bench, retiring in 2005. Before her time on the Court, Justice O’Connor devoted herself to public service as an assistant attorney general, deputy county attorney, Arizona state senator and senate minority leader, Maricopa County Superior Court judge, and Arizona Court of Appeals judge. Justice O’Connor’s roots are authentically western, having been raised on a working cattle ranch near the Gila River, bordering Arizona and New Mexico. She is comfortable outdoors in the harsh desert, riding horses, and assisting with ranch work. Yet she is similarly comfortable as an intellectual. She graduated from Stanford University and Stanford University School of Law. Likewise, Justice O’Connor has also been committed to her family as a devoted daughter, wife, and mother of three. When she was appointed to the Supreme Court to replace retiring Justice Potter Stewart, questions loomed about how she would rule on important constitutional issues, including affirmative action and racial and gender equality. For instance, during her tenure as a state legislator and state court judge, she did not face any “true affirmative action” case, and produced no writing on the issue. When responding to questions about affirmative action at her confirmation hearings, Justice O’Connor only observed that it was an issue likely to reach the Court in the future. She was correct, and it is her affirmative action and discrimination decisions that became some of her most notable opinions. As the annotations below demonstrate, commentators and legal scholars have reflected on Justice O’Connor’s work as a woman, a conservative, and a former politician. Her term ended in 2005, and scholars are beginning the process of reflecting on her years on the Court as well as her influence on constitutional law. In an effort to begin and contribute to this analysis, this selected annotated bibliography focuses on both the substantive and scholarly materials Justice O’Connor wrote, and the legal scholarship written about her and her jurisprudence. It is intended as a tool for researchers, and the categorization is intended to assist them by providing logical access to this material.
    • Book Review: Viral Spiral: How the Commoners Built a Digital Republic of Their Own

      Krishnaswami, Julie (2009-01-01)
      Book review of David Bollier's Viral Spiral (2008). The Internet today is controlled chaos: user-generated content on Web 2.0 platforms, blogs by citizen-journalists, social networks such as Facebook and Twitter, the photo-sharing community of Flickr, digital remixes of music and videos, wikis, open-access journals, and e-books. The Web has been transformed and a new cultural movement - known as "Free Culture" or "the commons" - is underway. Members of the Free Culture movement (commoners) value collaboration, share intellectual property, are self-directed, and resourceful. Yet these trailblazing individuals are simultaneously entrepreneurial and well-aware of traditional market forces. In Viral Spiral: A History of Our Movement, David Bollier argues that these values and behaviors are "history-making," creating a "new species of citizenship in modern life" and over time "this citizenship and the culture that it is fostering are likely to be a politically transforming force." This text is highly recommended for any law library’s collection.
    • Book Review: Privacy and Confidentiality Issues: A Guide for Libraries and Their Lawyers

      Krishnaswami, Julie (2009-01-01)
      The privacy and confidentiality of library patrons concerned many public libraries after September 11, particularly because of the passage and enforcement of the Patriot Act. Theresa Chmara, a litigator who has represented the American Library Association, the Freedom to Read Foundation, and the American Bookseller’s Association, provides concise and useful guidelines for libraries about these and other related issues in Privacy and Confidentiality Issues: A Guide for Libraries and Their Lawyers. This work is highly recommend for public library directors but should be required professional reading for all library directors. Additionally, library schools, which have an obligation to educate future librarians about the First Amendment concept of privacy in the context of the library, should purchase this book. It also serves as a great edition to a law school’s First Amendment collection for the same reasons as well as to bolster an academic collection that may lack practice oriented sources in this area.
    • Making the Leap to Management: Tips for the Aspiring and New Manager

      Cadmus, Femi (2009-01-01)
      As the result of innate ability, a fortunate few are able to effortlessly transition from line positions. However, most of us need to plot the path to management astutely and with deliberation. Library professionals might also become "accidental" managers, finding themselves thrust into an unplanned and perhaps unwanted managerial position for which they were not prepared. This is particularly true in the current climate of constrained budgets characterized by restructuring, job freezes, and layoffs.
    • It’s the Institution: Librarians Join the Revolution to Open the Judicial System to Self-Represented Litigants

      Krishnaswami, Julie (2009-01-01)
      Innovations in information literacy is not only taking place in academic law libraries, law firm libraries, and court libraries but simultaneously occurring in the legal system. Innovation also means rethinking - and remaking - institutions that no longer serve us well. As any lawyer or non-lawyer can confirm, the traditional legal system has ignored the needs of self-represented litigants, now flooding courtrooms, seeking solutions to real and significant problems. Yet, revolution is afoot, and the judicial system is responding to accommodate this new class of users. Presenter Richard Zorza, introduced by Charles Dyer as an "instigator of innovation," spoke about the movement to make courtrooms, judicial procedures, and the legal system as a whole, more friendly, open, and available to self-represented litigants at the Annual Meeting Program, "Law Libraries and Access to Justice Revolution."
    • The law librarian's tool for fair compensation in the best—and worst—of times

      Cadmus, Femi; Orndorff, Loretta (2009-11-01)
      None of us can deny that the last year has been one of economic uncertainty and of great concern as we face the challenges of operating with shrinking budgets. On the salary and compensation front, the AALL Biennal Salary Survey remains a vital tool in preserving fair and equitable compensation for law librarians.
    • A Closer Look: A Symposium Among Legal Historians and Law Librarians to Uncover the Spanish Roots of Louisiana Civil Law

      Miguel-Stearns, Teresa; Feliu, Vicenc; Kim-Prieto, Dennis (2010-01-01)
      The debate regarding whether the origin of Louisiana civil law is based in the Spanish or in the French legal tradition has been ongoing since that state's incorporation into the United States as a result of the Louisiana Purchase. Distinguished legal scholars have argued in favor of one tradition being dominant over the other, and each has been staunch in support of that view. This article proposes and demonstrates that the Spanish, not French, civil law had an enormous influence on the creation and evolution of Louisiana civil law, and that this legacy resonates today.
    • Making Your Wallflowers Blossom: How to implement the best social media strategy for your library

      Harrington, Ryan (2010-12-01)
      Considering the number of law libraries currently engaged in social media, many of us would agree that there is a benefit to be gained from our online presence. Yet when we polled the librarians here at Yale Law School for priorities on resource allocation, we discovered that our efforts in social media received the lowest priority.
    • The Recession Mounts the Ivory Tower: How the Lillian Goldman Law Library at Yale has met the Challenges Posed by a Declining Economy

      Cadmus, Femi; Kauffman, Blair (2010-12-08)
      The global recession has wrought havoc on the budgets of libraries worldwide, forcing administrators to reassess priorities and change direction midcourse. Privately funded academic libraries which typically rely heavily on large endowments have not been exempt and in fact have probably been hit the hardest. The challenges encountered by this long drawn financial crisis have ultimately provided opportunities to reassess priorities and conduct business more efficiently.
    • Book Review: The Legal Landscape -- A Review of John Copeland Nagle, Law's Environment: How the Law Shapes the Places We Live

      Krishnaswami, Julie (2011-01-01)
      In "Law's Environment: How the Law Shapes the Places We Live," Hone Copeland Nagle reflects on unremarkarkable geographical lands impacted by major environmental legislation and considers the values implicit in environmental legislation. Nagle's thesis is that multiple environmental laws typically weave together to shape a region. IN this text, the consequences of environmental legislation are examined by looking at the impact of the laws on the natural environment of five distinct places.
    • Comparative Law: Academic Perspectives

      Miguel-Stearns, Teresa (2011-01-01)
      Over the past 15 years, comparative law has undergone a dramatic and profound metamorphosis. The academic literature reveals a sense of hopelessness for the sustained endurance of the discipline in the mid- l 990s but shows signs of a rejuvenated and reinvented discipline in the first decade of the new millennium. One reason could be a changing-of-the-guard in comparative law faculty around the world with the 'heroes of the golden era' (Markesinis 2003, 2) being replaced by younger scholars leading a renewed charge with creative and thought-provoking comparative legal theories and methodologies. Another reason might be the smaller world in which we live due to globalisation and access to new information and communication technologies. There is also more effort towards unification and harmonisation of national and transnational laws, as seen in the creation of a European civil code (Smits 2007) and uniform social welfare obligations in India (Menski 2007), which can be achieved only by careful, analytical, comparative legal analysis.