It is no secret that the current Supreme Court is hostile to class actions and other forms of group litigation. One area that has received considerable attention from the Court is the requirement that "there [be] questions of law or fact common to the class," and, in most class action suits for damages, that "common questions of law or fact . .. predominate over any questions affecting only individual members." In Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. v. Dukes, the Court held that, under the statutory burdens of proof in Title VII, an employer is entitled to individualized determinations before backpay can be awarded. The Court further disparaged judicial efforts to facilitate such class suits as "Trial by Formula." This year, the Court further indicated its skepticism of claims to commonality in Comcast Corp. v. Behrend.
The export option will allow you to export the current search results of the entered query to a file. Different
formats are available for download. To export the items, click on the button corresponding with the preferred download format.
By default, clicking on the export buttons will result in a download of the allowed maximum amount of items.
To select a subset of the search results, click "Selective Export" button and make a selection of the items you want to export.
The amount of items that can be exported at once is similarly restricted as the full export.
After making a selection, click one of the export format buttons. The amount of items that will be exported is indicated in the bubble next to export format.